These days, staying on top of the latest news of cybersecurity threats and data breaches is really hard. Not understanding the basic lingo makes it even harder!  Here's a list of 10 Cybersecurity terms you need to know so you can start taking measures to protect yourself and your business!

10 Cybersecurity Terms You Need to Know NOW!


  • The moment a hacker successfully exploits a vulnerability in a computer or device, and gains access to its files and network.


  • A technology that enables users access to files and/or services through the internet from anywhere in the world. Technically speaking, it’s a collection of computers with large storage capabilities that remotely serve requests.


  • A defensive technology designed to keep the bad guys out. Firewalls can be hardware or software-based. A firewall typically establishes a barrier between a trusted internal network and untrusted external network, such as the Internet.


  • Malware refers to any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network. Malware (ie malicious software) that uses the macro capabilities of common applications such as spreadsheets and word processors to infect data.


  • Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by disguising oneself as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication


  • Ransomware is malware that encrypts valuable data until a ransom is paid for its return.Ransomware typically spreads through phishing emails or by unknowingly visiting an infected website.


  • Spyware is software that aims to gather information about a person or organization, sometimes without their knowledge, that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent.

Trojan Horse

  • A Trojan horse or Trojan is a type of malware that is often disguised as legitimate software. Trojans can be employed by cyber-thieves and hackers trying to gain access to users' systems. 

Two-Factor Authentication

  • An authentication method in which a computer user is granted access only after successfully presenting two or more pieces of evidence (or factors) to an authentication mechanism.


  • A computer virus is a type of malicious software that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code without the users knowledge.  

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